Subject Pronouns

Kréyòl subject pronouns
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Pwonon sijè

Subject pronouns are a type of personal pronoun that indicate who or what is performing the action of a verb.

Pa ègzanp…

Kréyòl   French English
An paré.   Je suis prêt. I’m ready.
Nou dwèt pati.   Nous devons partir. We need to leave.

Characteristics of subject pronouns

  1. Serve as the subject of verbs.
  2. May be singular or plural to agree with the noun (subject) they replace.

Kréyòl subject pronouns

The different subject pronouns are determined by number and person.

  • Number is divided into “singular” (one) and “plural” (more than one).
  • Person includes “first person” (the speaker), “second person” (the listener), and “third person” (neither the speaker nor the listener).

Thus, with two numbers and three persons, there are a total of six grammatical persons and six Kréyòl subject pronouns:

singular   plural
1st person an* I   nou we
2nd person ou you   zo you
3rd person i he, she, it   yo they

  Pou note

  • * The stressed form mwen may also be used as a subject – lesson coming soon.
  • There are two Kréyòl words for "you": ou is singular and zo is plural. Kréyòl does not have the informal / formal distinction found in French and many other languages.
  • There’s no distinction for "he" vs "she" vs "it."
  • There is no Kréyòl equivalent for the French impersonal on.

 As in English, plural pronouns replace two or more singular pronouns: you and I = we (nou), you and he = you (zo), etc. But when you actually want to use two singular pronouns – saying something like "you and I" as opposed to "we" – Kréyòl uses stressed pronouns instead – lesson coming soon.

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French subject pronouns